William Thomas Gaddis, Jr. (December 29, 1922 – December 16, 1998) was an American novelist.
Born in New York City, Gaddis’s parents separated with he was three and he was subsequently raised in Massapequa (Long Island) by his mother. At age five, Gaddis was sent to Merricourt Boarding School in Berlin, Connecticut. He continued in private school until the eighth grade, after which he returned to Long Island to receive his diploma at Farmingdale High School in 1941. Gaddis entered Harvard in 1941 and famously wrote for the Harvard Lampoon (where he eventually served as President). After leaving Harvard without a degree in 1945, Gaddis worked as a fact-checker for The New Yorker, then spent five years traveling in Mexico, Central America, Spain, France, England, and North Africa, only returning to the United States in 1951.
Gaddis’s first novel, The Recognitions, appeared in 1955. A lengthy, complex, and allusive work, it had to wait to find its audience. Newspaper reviewers considered it overly intellectual and overwritten. Gaddis turned to public relations work and the making of documentary films to support himself and his family. In this role, he worked for Pfizer, Eastman Kodak, IBM, and the United States Army, among others. Gaddis also received a National Institute of Arts and Letters grant, a Rockefeller grant, and two National Endowment for the Arts grants, all of which helped him write his second novel.
In 1975, Gaddis published JR, a novel even more difficult than The Recognitions, told almost entirely in dialogue, where it is sometimes difficult to determine which character is speaking. Critical opinion had caught up with him, however, and the book won the National Book Award for Fiction. Gaddis’s third novel Carpenter’s Gothic (1985) would be nominated for a PEN/Faulkner Award, while his fourth novel, A Frolic of His Own (1994), would earn him a second National Book Award in 1995.
Gaddis died of prostate cancer, but not before creating his final work, Agapē Agape, which was published in 2002. The Rush for Second Place, published at the same time, collected most of Gaddis’s previously published nonfiction.
See the William Gaddis Centenary Conference Beyond the “Very Small Audience”: Centenary, Archive, and Futures (October 20-22, 2022) for information regarding the planned celebration around the 100th anniversary of William Gaddis’s birth.
Explore Steven Moore Collection of Gaddis Research
Explore the 50th Anniversary Digital Exhibit
Explore Related Papers
- Charles Monaghan Papers | Materials relating to Monaghan’s relationship with William Gaddis as an early Gaddis promoter. Includes correspondence and other various Gaddis-related material.
- Donald Oresman Papers | Correspondence between Oresman and William Gaddis, as well as drafts and source material for Gaddis’s book, A Frolic of His Own.
- Richard Hazelton Papers | Consists of materials relating to William Gaddis, including correspondence, lecture notes, clippings, print material, and an interview with Hazelton.
- Hunter Low Papers | Correspondence, clippings, and photographs concerning the filming of the Battle of St. Vith and William Gaddis. Gaddis served as the writer and Low served as producer for the Battle of St. Vith.