A prepublication version of Open Science by Design is free-to-read at the National Academies site: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Science by Design: Realizing a Vision for 21st Century Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25116. The committee recommends designing for openness in all the phases of research; they call the phases of research provocation, ideation, knowledge generation, validation, dissemination, and preservation.
Five recommendations are included in the summary, but I recommend the Accelerating Progress to Open Science section because it presents the recommendations along with relevant committee findings. Quick overview of recommendations:
- “Research institutions should work to create a culture that actively supports Open Science by Design by better rewarding and supporting researchers engaged in open science practices. Research funders should provide explicit and consistent support for practices and approaches that facilitate this shift in culture and incentives.”
- “…train students and other researchers to implement open science practices effectively …
- “Research funders and research institutions should develop the policies and procedures to identify the data, code, specimens, and other research products that should be preserved…”
- FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) principles for funders and researchers.
- “The research community should work together to realize Open Science by Design to advance science and help science better serve the needs of society.”