Finding-Aid for the Spanish Archive (MSS106)


©2005 University Libraries, Washington University in St. Louis

Department of Special Collections
Olin Library
Campus Box 1061
1 Brookings Drive
St. Louis, MO 63130
(314) 935-5495
Fax: (314) 935-4045
spec@wumail.wustl.edu
http://library.wustl.edu/units/spec


Funding and support for digitization of finding-aids provided by The Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation


Table of Contents

Collection Outline

Descriptive Summary

Scope and Contents Note

Restrictions


Collection Outline

Spanish Archive of St. Louis 1767-1908

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Spanish Archive
Identification: MSS106

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Scope and Contents Note

The collection consists primarily of typescript [carbon] translations of official communications among individuals involved in the government of Louisiana during the Spanish Period, 1763-1804. Two typed letters signed from Joseph Wheless, St. Louis attorney, and two typed letters, one signed, from Pierre Chouteau (1849-1910), St. Louis businessman, to W. B. Douglas, President, Missouri Historical Society, explaining the source, extent, and translation of the Archive, constitute the only original documents in the collection.

The core of the collection, ca. 160 items, is made up of items to or from Carlos Dehault de Lassus, 1764-1842, last Spanish governor of Upper Louisiana, 1799-1804. Other individuals represented in the collection include Andreas Lopez de Armesto, Santiago de Arvaiy, Manuel Arzaro, Miguel José de Azanza, J. Bruff, Basil Brusierre, Francisco Buriony, the Baron de Carondelet, the Marquis de Casa-Calvo, Pedro Ceballos, Pierre Chouteau (1758-1849), Santiago Clamorgan, Benjamin Fooy, Diego de Gardoqui, Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, Juan Goutier, Carlos de Grand-Pré, Agustin Grande, the Marquis de la Hormasas, Carlos Howard, Manuel Lisa, Regis de Loisel, Ramon de Lopez Y Angulo, Esteban Miró, the Count de Montarco, Juan Ventura Morales, Manuel Gomez Moro, the Principe de la Paz, Thomas Portell, Francisco Rendón, Francisco Riu, Pedro Rousseau, Manuel de Salcedo, G. C. Sibley, John Sparks, Bartolomé Tradiveau, Cenon Trudeau, Antonio de Ulloa, Cayetano Valdes, Louis Viviat.

Subjects considered at some length, aside from day-to-day governmental functions, include relations with the United States and with the Native Americans, trade regulations, and the geography of the area. Of particular note are Lassus’ Diary on Evacuation at the time of surrender to the United States, 1804-1805; an early account of the Lewis and Clark Expedition; a description of St. Louis in 1812; and the Articles of Association of the Missouri Fur Company dated January 24, 1812.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open.

Use Restriction

None

Users of the collections must read and abide by the Rules for the use of manuscript collection materials.

Users of the collections who wish to use items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication (as defined in the form) must sign and submit to the Washington University Department of Special Collections a hard copy of the Notification of intent publish manuscript collection materials form.

All publication not covered by fair use restricted to those who have permission of the copyright holder.

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Spanish Archive of St. Louis, 1767-1908 (225 items)

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Two TLS from Joseph Wheless, St. Louis attorney, to W.B. Douglas, President, Missouri Historical Society, and one TLS and one TL from Pierre Chouteau, 1849-1910, St. Louis businessman, to Douglas, concerning the source, extent, and translation of the Spanish Archive of St. Louis., 1904-1908 (4 items, 4 pp)
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Miscellaneous notes concerning the Spanish Archive. Auto drafts in unidentified hand., [1908?] (2 items, 4 pp)
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Partial table of contents and index. Auto draft in unidentified hand., [1908?] (2 items, 4 pp & 3 blank sheets)
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Lassus, Carlos Dehault de, 1764-1842, Spanish governor of Upper Louisiana, to the Marquis de Casa-Calvo, Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1799- . Inventory of documents relating to St. Louis to be removed upon surrender to the United States. Ts[c] translation. Two copies, copy two with auto corrections., [ca. 1804] (2 items, 22 pp)
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Morales, Juan Ventura, Spanish official in New Orleans, to Lassus and Cenon Trudeau, concerning official matters relating to the governing of the territory. Ts[c] translations., 1796-1804 (56 items, 43 pp)
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Carondelet, Baron de, Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1792-1797, to Lassus, concerning official matters. Ts[c] translations., 1796-1797 (14 items, 6 pp)
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Carondelet to Pierre Chouteau, 1758-1849, French trader in St. Louis. Ts[c] translations., 1794: May 17 (1 item, 1 p)
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Gayoso de Lemos, Manuel, 1747-1799, Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1797-1799, to Lassus, concerning official matters. Ts[c] translations., 1796-1799 (15 items, 8 pp)
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Howard, Carlos, Spanish official in New Madrid, to Lassus, concerning official matters. Ts[c] translations., 1797-1807 (4 items, 5 pp)
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Lopez Y Angulo, Ramon de, Spanish official in New Orleans, to Lassus, concerning official matters. Ts[c] translations., 1800-1801 (12 items, 10 pp)
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Casa-Calvo, Marquis de, Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1799- to Lassus, concerning official matters, particularly relations with the Indians, the English, and the United States. Ts[c] translations., 1800-1806 (14 items, 9 pp)
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Salcedo, Manuel de, Spanish governor of Louisiana, -1804, to Lassus, concerning official matters, particularly Indian affairs. Ts[c] translations., 1801-1803 (12 items, 12 pp)
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Letters from various Spanish officials to Lassus, concerning official matters, particularly the surrender of Louisiana to the United States. Correspondents include the Bishop of Louisiana, Agustin Grande, Manuel Gomez Moro, Santiago de Arvaiy, Manuel Arzaro, Francisco Buriony, Benjamin Fooy, Juan Goutier, Carlos de Grand-Pre, and Cayetano Valdes. Ts[c] translations., 1796-1805 (16 items, 10 pp)
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Lassus, Carlos Dehault de to various individuals concerning official matters including the surrender of Louisiana to the United States. Addressees include J. Bruff, U.S. military commander of Upper Louisiana, the Marquis de Casa-Calvo, Manuel Gomez Moro, and Benjamin Fooy, Also included is a military order from Lassus to the Infantry Regiment at St. Louis. Ts[c] translations., 1804-1808 (12 items, 21 pp)
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Lassus, Carols Dehault de. Diary on Evacuation of Upper Louisiana. Ts[c] translation., 1804: November 16 - 1805: January 18 (1 item, 18 pp)
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Lassus diary, copy 2. Ts[c] translation., 1804: November 16 - 1805: January 18 (1 item, 23 pp)
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Ulloa, Antonio de, 1716-1795, Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1764-1766, to Francisco Riu, Spanish commander of Illinois. Letter of instruction for the establishment of two forts. Ts[c] translation., 1767: March 14 (1 item, 21 pp)
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Ulloa to Riu. Second [sic.] letter of instruction for the establishment of two forts. Ts[c] translation., 1767: January 7 (1 item, 9 pp)
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Carondelet, Baron de to Miguel Jose de Azanza, Spanish official, requesting funding for a fort at St. Louis. Ts[c] translation., 1796: December 1 (1 item, 7 pp)
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Rendon, Francisco, Spanish official in New Orleans to Diego de Gardoqui, Spanish official; and Panton, Leslie & Co., trading company in Louisiana to the Baron de Carondelet, concerning primarily relations with the Indians and the United States. Included is a copy of an act of the Georgia Legislature dated January 10, 1795, titled "An Act which serves as a supplement to the Act entitled: - An Act to designate a part of the vacant lands of this State to the payment of its troops lately in service, ..." Ts[c] translations., 1795 (3 items, 21 pp)
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Correspondence among various Spanish officials and individuals concerning a plan to establish a flour mill at New Bourbon with the purpose of making Louisiana independent of the United States for flour. Correspondents include the Baron de Carondelet, Diego de Gardoqui, Thomas Portell, Andreas Lopez de Armesto, Bartolome Tradiveau, Francisco Rendon, Carlos Dehault de Lassus. Ts[c] translation., 1793-96 (12 items, 27 pp)
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Correspondence among various Spanish officials in Louisiana concerning trade regulations and the payment of soldiers in Upper Louisiana. Correspondents include the Count de Montarco, the Prince de la Paz, Juan Ventura Morales, the Marquis de la Hormasas, Diego de Gardoqui. Ts[c] translations., 1796-97 (6 items, 7 pp)
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Loisel, Regis de, -1804, Spanish official in St. Louis, to Lassus, describing the geography of the Missouri River with an eye toward securing Spanish possessions against invasion by the United States. 1804: September 30 - Casa-Calvo, Marquis de to the Prince de la Paz. 1804: September 30 - Ceballos, Pedro to Casa-Calvo, concerning the protection of Spanish North America from the United States. Ts[c] translation, 1804: May 28 - September 30 (3 items, 10 pp)
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1805: July 18 - Ceballos, Pedro to Casa-Calvo, discussing a boundary expedition to the western part of Louisiana. 1805: July 19 - Casa-Calvo to the Prince de la Paz, mentioning the Lewis & Clark Expedition and including: 1805: July 17 - Gazette of Orleans, New Orleans. Reprint from a Lexington, Ky., newspaper dated June 18 concerning the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Ts[c] translations., 1805: July 17-July 19 (2 items, 18 pp)
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Miro, Esteban, 1744- , Spanish governor of Louisiana, 1782-1792, to [unidentified Spanish official in Madrid], describing the western United States at the time. Ts[c] translation., 1792: August 7 (1 item, 28 pp.)
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Communications among various Spanish officials in Louisiana, concerning a Spanish company of discoveries west of the Missouri and trade with the Indians. Correspondents include Juan Ventura Morales, the Baron de Carondelet, Santiago Clamorgan, Pedro Rousseau, Francisco Rendon, Diego de Gardoqui. Ts[c] translations., 1795-1796 (7 items, 9 pp)
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Viviat, Louis, French settler in St. Louis. Will. Ts[c] copy in French., 1777: May 21 (1 item, 2 pp)
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Certificates of credit on the Royal Treasury of Spain issued to Pierre Chouteau and Antonio Soulard in 1803 and certified as legal by Manuel Armirez in 1812. Ts[c] copies in Spanish and English., 1803-1812 (4 items, 7 pp)
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Sparks, John, early 19th Century resident of St. Louis, to Rev. Simeon Jones of New York State, describing conditions in St. Louis. Ts[c]., 1812: July 24 (1 item, 4 pp)
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[Unidentified] to [unidentified], discussing the French exploration of the area west of present day Louisiana by explorers Bernard de la Harpe and others, ca. 1700-1725. Ts[c] translation., 1808; November 20 (1 item, 4 pp)
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Brusierre, Basil. Deposition concerning contact with the Indians, taken by Sibley, G.C., Justice of the Peace of Howard City, Mo. Ts[c], 1817: September 5 (1 item, 3 pp)
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Great Britain. Treaty of Paris. Extracts concerning North America. Ts[c], 1763: February 10 (1 item, 4 pp)
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Missouri Fur Company. Articles of association. Signature certifying copy illegible. Ts[c] copy with auto. certification., 1812: January 24 (1 item, 8 pp)
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Communications relating to the arrest and release in St. Louis of Manuel Lisa, 1772-1820, Spanish trader in St. Louis. Correspondents include Manuel Lisa, Carlos Dehault de Lassus, and Manuel de Salcedo. Ts[c] translation., 1799-1803 (9 items, 12 pp)
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Le Cacret, Delbaure, French official. Passport for M. de Luzieres and family. Also signed by de Baude and Pierre Duval, French officials in Le Havre. Auto draft of printed document, in French., 1790: August 8 (1 item, 2 pp)

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